African Plant Database

Gladiolus gregarius Welw. ex Baker
Protologue : Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 1(5): 268 (1880 [1878])
Information on the genus : Gladiolus
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Antholyza descampsii De Wild. (1903)
=Antholyza gilletii De Wild. (1904)
=*Gladiolus pseudogregarius Mildbr. ex Hutch. (1936)
=*Gladiolus spicatus Klatt non L.
=Gladiolus hanningtonii Baker
=Gladiolus karendensis Baker
=Gladiolus uhehensis Harms
=Gladiolus corbisieri De Wild. (1913)
=Gladiolus elegans Vaupel
=Gladiolus macrospathus Goldblatt (1996)
=Gladiolus klattianus Hutch.
=Gladiolus multiflorus Baker
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Herb 0,15-1,4 m tall; corm 1,2-4 cm Ø; tunics seldom accumulating, base without neck of fibres; leaves 4-7, 3-5 basal, 0,6-2 cm wide, upper ones cauline and shorter; stem erect, unbranched; floral bracts 2-5 cm long, overlapping; flowers light to dark purple, fading later, the lower tepals with dark purple mark; tube 1,2-1,5 cm long; dorsal tepal 2-2,6 cm long.
Ecology : Open woodland; often in rocky habitats where it is sheltered from competition; occasionally reported from wetter sites such as edges of seasonally flooded valley grassland; locally abundant; sand very humid; forest gallery; moist savanna; hollow on hard-pan; Katanga copper soil (Pl. Ecol. & Evol. 146: 185, 2013); 130-2621 m alt.
  Near G. microspicatus, G. harmsianus.
  Note: Geerinck treats G. microspicatus as a variety of G. erectiflorus (= var. angustifolius; cf. Taxonom. 4: 3, 2001, etc.), a smaller plant with linear leaves and not overlapping flower bracts. See below under G. microspicatus.

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Boudet G. & J.P. Lebrun (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali. Etudes et Synthèses IEMVT 16
  • Cat. Pl. Vasc. Burkina Faso:63 (2012)
  • César J. & C. Chatelain (2019). Flore illustrée du Tchad. Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de Genève, Coopération Suisse & Univ. N'Djaména

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Énum. Pl. Fleurs Afr. Trop. 3: 89-92 (1995).
  • Checklist Flow. Pl. Sub-Saharan Africa : 775 (2006).

Bibliography other :
  • Lebrun J.P. (1999). Supplément au Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali. Candollea 54(2): 376
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under chg
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
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Record n°21432
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