African Plant Database

Ficus sur Forssk.
Information on the genus : Ficus
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Ficus capensis Thunb.
=Sycomorus capensis (Thunb.) Miq.
=Ficus capensis var. mallotocarpa (Warb.) Mildbr. & Burret
=Ficus mallotocarpa Warb. (1895)
=Ficus beniensis De Wild.
=Ficus capensis var. beniensis (De Wild.) J.-P. Lebrun
=Ficus brassii R. Br. ex Sabine
=Sycomorus capensis f. guineensis (Miq.) Miq.
=Ficus guineensis (Miq.) Stapf
=Sycomorus guineensis Miq.
=Ficus capensis var. guineensis (Miq.) Miq.
=Ficus capensis var. iturensis (De Wild.) J.-P. Lebrun
=Ficus ituriensis De Wild.
=Ficus capensis var. ostiolata (De Wild.) J.-P. Lebrun
=Ficus ostiolata De Wild.
=Ficus mallotocarpa var. trichoneura (Warb.) A. Peter
=Ficus capensis var. trichoneura Warb.
=Ficus capensis var. pubescens Warb. ex De Wild. & T. Durand
=Ficus clethrophylla Hiern
=Ficus erubescens Warb.
=Ficus gongoensis De Wild.
=Ficus kondeensis Warb.
=Ficus lichtensteinii Link
=Ficus munsae Warb.
=Ficus ostiolata var. brevipedunculata De Wild.
=Ficus panifica Delile
=Ficus plateiocarpa Warb. (1901)
=Sycomorus riparia Miq.
=Ficus riparia (Miq.) A. Rich.
=Ficus sycomorus var. prodigiosa Hiern
=Ficus sycomorus var. polybotrya Hiern
=Ficus sycomorus var. alnea Hiern
=Ficus thonningiana (Miq.) Miq.
=Urostigma thonningii Miq.
=Ficus villosipes Warb.
=Ficus stellulata var. glabrescens Warb.
=Sycomorus panifica Miq.
=Sycomorus sur Miq.
=Sycomorus thonningiana Miq.
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Tree 5-12 m tall in open woodland, or 25-40 m, with trunk to 1 m Ø and more in semi-deciduous forest; trunk bare of branches below, buttressed in large specimens and often producing suckers from the roots or the base of the trunk[…]
  see more in the book
Ecology : Niayes; wooded savanna; forest gallery; secondary forests;1922 lava flow (Cameroon); forest with Adina microcephala hardpan; rain-forest; close to rivulet banks with[…]; near hollows; gravelly places; termite mounds; grassland; secondary scrub. 0-2500 m alt.
  Very variable; in NE Africa with deviating forms (in leaf shape and indumentum, in indumentum of figs).
  Occasionally planted. Figs sought after. Bark, leaves, young aerial roots eaten (vegetable). Medicinally used. – Easily propagated from seed or truncheons.
  Cape Verde Isl.; São Tomé, Principe, Bioko/Fernando Poo; S. Africa, Swaziland, E Botswana; Yemen.
South. Afr.
Biol./Eco : perennial-Tree- Ht 1 - 25 m. Alt: 15 - 2300 m. Distribution: BOT, EC, KN, LP, MP, WC, SWZ

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • BOUDET G. & J.P. LEBRUN (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali. Etudes et Synthèses IEMVT 16 : 187
  • Cat. Pl. Vasc. Burkina Faso:300 (2012)
  • DARBYSHIRE, I. KORDOFAMI, M. & AL. (2015). The plants of Sudan and South Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing : 204
  • CÉSAR J. & C. CHATELAIN (2019). Flore illustrée du Tchad. Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de Genève, Coopération Suisse & Univ. N'Djaména : 535

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • TREGOLD M.H., H.M. BIEGEL & H. ASHTON (1986). Food plants of Zimbabwe: With Old and New Ways of Preparation : 100
More info on :
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see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
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Record n°24149 modified 2007-04-20
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