African Plant Database

Daucus carota L.
Protologue : Sp. Pl. 1: 242 (1753)  
Information on the genus : Daucus
Status for NA : accepted (present)
Status for SA : accepted (naturalised-introduced)
Status for TA : accepted (naturalised-introduced)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Daucus carota L. subsp. carota
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Daucus carota var. brachycentrus Maire (1931)
=Daucus carota var. excelsus Maire (1929)
=Daucus sylvestris Mill. (1768)
=*Daucus abyssinicus auct. Hochst. ex A.Rich., non C.A.Mey.
=Daucus carota var. hipponensis Maire
=Daucus dentatus Bertol. (1837)
=Daucus carota subsp. dentatus (Bertol.) Fiori (1900)
=Daucus alatus Poir. (1789)
=Daucus carota var. tenuiflorus Alleiz.
Taxon infra-specific
Daucus carota L. subsp. carota
Daucus carota subsp. commutatus (Paol.) Thell. (1926)
Daucus carota subsp. fontanesii Thell. (1926)
Daucus carota subsp. gummifer (Syme) Hook. f. (1884)
Daucus carota subsp. hispanicus (Gouan) Thell. (1926)
Daucus carota subsp. maritimus (Lam.) Batt. (1889)
Daucus carota subsp. maximus (Desf.) Ball (1878)
Daucus carota subsp. sativus Schübl. & G. Martens
Daucus carota subsp. capillifolius (Gilli) Arbizu (2016)
Daucus carota subsp. halophilus (Brot.) A.Pujadas (2002)
Daucus carota subsp. annua (Bég.) Mart.Flores, D.M. Spooner & M.B. Crespo (2020)
Daucus carota subsp. tenuissimus (A. Chev.) Mart.Flores, D.M. Spooner & M.B. Crespo
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Erect annual or biennial herb to 1 m tall, hispidly hairy, with a swollen usually orange taproot; leaves 2-3-pinnate, segments linear; umbels terminal; flowers white or pink, often one or more (central) purple.
  see more in the book
Ecology : In many different habitats (Ethiopia); 1800-2100 m alt.
  Widely cultivated for its edible root. Cosmopolitan. Probably native in SW Asia. Wild and cultivated carrots belong to D. carota s. l., a complex taxon. Cultivated forms are usually placed in subsp. Sativus.
South. Afr.
Biol./Eco : biennial-Herb- Ht 0.3 - 1.8 m. Alt: 150 - 800 m. Distribution: EC, GA, NW, WC

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Darbyshire, I. Kordofami, M. & al. (2015). The plants of Sudan and South Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Checklist Flow. Pl. Sub-Saharan Africa : 43 (2006).

Bibliography other :
  • Fl. Atlant. 1: 240 (1798). 
  • Lowe, R. T. (1864). Manual Flora of Madeira and hte Adjacent Islands of Porto Santo and the Desertas. London
  • Battandier, J.A & L.C. Trabut (1889). Flore de l'Algérie [Dicot] 1(2): 382 
  • Bonnet, E. & Barratte, J. F.G. (1896). Exploration Scientifique de la Tunisie. Catalogue Raisonne des Plantes Vasculaires de la Tunisie.   
  • PITARD, C.-J. & L. PROUST (1908). Les Îles Canaries.

Bibliography for North Africa :
  • Cat. Pl. Maroc 2: 550 (1932).  
  • Fl. Algérie [Quézel & Santa] 2: 662 (1963).
  • Fl. Eur. 2: 374 (1968).
  • SÁENZ LAÍN, C. (1981). Research on Daucus L. (Umbelliferae). Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 37(2): 486
  • ALI, S. I., S. M. H. JAFRI & A. EL GADI (ed.) (1985). Flora of Libya. 117: 133
  • VALDES, B., S. TALAVERA & E. FERNANDEZ-GALIANO (ed.) (1987). Flora Vascular de Andalucía Occidental, vol. 2 Ketres 2: 335 
  • VALDÉS, B., REJDALI, M., ACHHAL EL KADMIRI, JURY, J. L. & J. M. MONTSERRAT (2002). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Nord du Maroc, incluant des clés d'identification. I. 1: 467
  • Fl. Iberica 10: 101 (2003). 

Bibliography other :
  • Bull. Soc. Bot. Centre-Ouest. Numero Special 27: 968 (2007).
  • FENNANE, M., M. IBN TATTOU, A. OUYAHYA & J. EL OUALIDI (éd.) (2007). Flore Pratique du Maroc [vol.2] Trav. Inst. Sci. Univ. Mohammed V, Sér. Bot. 2: 299
  • BOULOS, L. & E. LE FLOC'H (2008). Flore de Tunisie: catalogue synonymique commenté

Bibliography other :
  • Martinez-Flores F., M.B. Crespo & al. (2020). Subspecies Variation of Daucus carota Coastal (“Gummifer”) Morphotypes (Apiaceae) Using Genotyping-by-Sequencing Syst. Bot. 45(3): 688-702 
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Record n°27247
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