African Plant Database

Cocos nucifera L.
Protologue : Sp. Pl. 2: 1188 (1753)
Information on the genus : Cocos
Status for TA : accepted (cultivated)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Calappa nucifera (L.) Kuntze
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Cocos indica Royle
=Cocos mamillaris Blanco
=Cocos nana Griff.
=Diplothemium henryanum F. Br.
=Cocos nucifera var. angustifolia Hassk.
=Cocos nucifera var. aurea auct.
=Cocos nucifera var. javanica G.V. Narayana
=Cocos nucifera var. nana (Griff.) G.V. Narayana
=Cocos nucifera var. pumila Hassk.
=Cocos nucifera var. rubescens Hassk.
=Cocos nucifera var. spicata K.C. Jacob
=Cocos nucifera var. synphyllica Becc.
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Stem to 25 m tall and 20-30 cm in diameter, almost always straight; leaves numerous, to 5 m long, frequently with an arched rachis and more or less pendant leaflets; inflorescences once branched, covered by a woody peduncular bract; fruits 1-seeded.
Ecology : In Africa common in coastal habitats, particularly sandpits and similar in-shore island situations (Tuley, 1995).
  For a comprehensive description of the uses of this palm in West tropical Africa see Burkill (1997).
  Spontané uniquement le long de l’océan Atlantique, dans le Côtier ; en dehors d’Afrique centrale, dans tous les pays tropicaux riverains de la mer ou de l’océan.

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Scripta Bot. Belg. 4: 106 (1993).
  • Hedberg, I., S. Edwards & al. (eds) (1997). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 6: 526
  • Pl. Mt Cameroon : 179 (1998).
  • Sosef & al (2006). Check-list des Plantes Vasculaires du Gabon.
  • Fl. Rép. Guinée : 383 (2009).
  • Exell, A. & Wild, H. (2010). Flora Zambesiaca: Mozambique, Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, Bechuanaland Protectorate. London Kew 13(2): 63
  • Boissiera 65: 33 (2012).
  • Cat. Pl. Vasc. Burkina Faso:33 (2012)

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Strelitzia 22: 172 (2008).
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see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under Fgui
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
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Record n°33239
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