African Plant Database

Fimbristylis cymosa R. Br.
Protologue : Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland. 228 (1810)
Information on the genus : Fimbristylis
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Fimbristylis obtusifolia Nees ex C. Presl
=Fimbristylis glomerata Boeckeler
=*Fimbristylis obtusifolia auct. non (Lam.) Kunth
=Fimbristylis rigida Kunth
=Fimbristylis spathacea Roth (1821)
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Perennial rhizomatous herb forming dense tufts 10-20 cm tall and to 90 cm wide; leaves many, flat, 2-20 cm long, 0,7-2 mm wide, suddenly rounded at apex; inflorescence compound with many small pedunculate clusters of sessile spikelets pale brown or yellow
Ecology : Sandy foreshores, edges of mangrove swamps; coral rock; salt marshes; grassy places on sandy soils; 0 - c. 300 m alt. Generally coastal with few exceptions inland (e.g. Niger); some other Cyperaceae have similar distribution, e.g., Eleocharis geniculata,
  Very variable.
  2 subspp. subsp. cymosa: nutlet 3-sided, stigmas 3, inflorescence (anthelae) head-like with a few short rays, spikelets many, congested; - subsp. spathacea: nutlet mostly biconvex, stigmas 2(-3), anthelae open with several elongated rays, spikelets solit

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Peyre de Fabrègues B. & J. P. Lebrun (1976). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Niger. Maison Alfort

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Strelitzia 2: (1995).
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Fgui
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Missouri Botanical Garden
More information >> ( work in progress )
Record n°38943 modified 2007-04-03
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