African Plant Database

Typha latifolia L.
Protologue : Sp. Pl. 2: 971 (1753)
Information on the genus : Typha
Status for NA : accepted (present)
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Robust herb 1,5-3 m tall with short woody rhizome with stolons; leaf blade linear, glaucous, to 2 m x 0,8-1 cm, flat above, semilunar below, tip obtuse; inflorescence spikes contiguous; female spike 13-25 cm long, 2,25-4 cm Ø, yellow-green becoming dark sepia-brown or almost black, sometimes constricted or interrupted, separated by 0-3,5 cm, bracteoles absent; male spike 8-12 cm long, 1,3-2,5 cm Ø.
Ecology : Swamps, dams and rivers with permanent flow; edges of lakes; ditches; shallow waters to 30-60 cm depth; 1300-2200 m alt.
  Also cultivated for ornament.
  Temperate N Hemisphere; Europe; Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia; SW Asia; Australia; N., C. & S. America. “Almost worldwide but absent from the southern hemisphere S of 30° S”

Bibliography for North Africa :
  • Battandier, J.A & L.C. Trabut (1895). Flore de l'Algérie et catalogue des plantes du Maroc. [Monocot. ou vol.2] 2: 18
  • Cat. Pl. Maroc 1: 17 (1931).
  • Fl. Afrique N. 1: 170 (1952).
  • CUÉNOD, A. (1954). Flore analytique et synoptique de la Tunisie. Office de l'Expérimentation et de la Vulgarisation Agricoles.
  • Fl. Algérie [Quézel & Santa] 1: 44 (1962).
  • Fl. Eur. 5: 276 (1980).
  • BOULOS, L. & E. LE FLOC'H (2008). Flore de Tunisie: catalogue synonymique commenté
  • FENNANE, M., M. IBN TATTOU, J. MATHEZ, A. OUYAHYA & J. EL OUALIDI (éd.) (2014). Flore Pratique du Maroc [vol.3] Trav. Inst. Sci. Univ. Mohammed V, Sér. Bot. 3: 453
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under The Euro-Mediterranean Plant Base
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Herbarium, North Africa MPU
More information >> ( work in progress )
Record n°42890
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