African Plant Database

Diaphananthe fragrantissima (Rchb. f.) Schltr.
Information on the genus : Diaphananthe
Basionym : Listrostachys fragrantissima Rchb. f.
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Mystacidium fragrantissimum (Rchb. f.) Benth. & Hook. f.
 Listrostachys fragrantissima Rchb. f.
 Epidorkis fragantissima (Rchb. f.) Kuntze
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Angraecum muansae Kraenzl.
=Diaphananthe muansae (Kraenzl.) Schltr.
=Diaphananthe falcata (De Wild.) Schltr.
=Listrostachys falcata De Wild. (1903)
=Listrostachys fimbriata Rolfe (1906)
=Diaphananthe fimbriata (Rolfe) Schltr. (1918)
=Diaphananthe kirkii (Rolfe) Schltr.
=Listrostachys kirkii Rolfe (1897)
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Epiphytic, rarely lithophytic herb, glabrous; stems horizontal or pendent, 5-50(-100) cm long, leafy, covered in leaf-sheaths; leaves to 10, sword-shaped, fleshy, 10-44x1-3,5 cm, twisted at base, apex unequally acutely 2-lobed; inflorescences pendent, 1-several, 15-60 cm long, 50-100-flowered; flowers in whorls of 4 or in opposite pairs, greenish yellow or white, diurnally scented; bracts 3-5 mm long; sepals linear-triangular, acute, 7-11x2-3 mm; petals triangular, acuminate, 8-15x2 mm; lip rectangular, 10-13x6,5-7 mm, apex 3-lobed, mid-lobe elongated acuminate, side lobes rounded with fimbriate margins, with a marked tooth at mouth of spur; spur geniculate at base, fusiform, 6-12 mm long.
Ecology : (Tall) forest; gallery forest; bushland; sometimes Brachystegia woodland; dryish woodlands in savanna regions; often in hot low-lying areas; on trunks and lower branches of trees, e.g. Canarium schweinfurthii (often), Irvingia smithii, baobab, Acacia spp.; rocks; 120-1900 m alt.
  S. Africa. Not in Fl. Gabon 37, 2004.
South. Afr.
Biol./Eco : perennial-Herb, Epiphyte- Alt: ? - 70 m. Distribution: KN

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Darbyshire, I. Kordofami, M. & al. (2015). The plants of Sudan and South Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Fl. Pl. Africa 45: t.1838 (1979).
  • Orchids of Southern Africa : 435 (1999).
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under Orchidées d'Afrique Centrale
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
More information >> ( work in progress )
Record n°45086
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