African Plant Database

Eulophia cristata (Afzel. ex Sw.) Steud.
Information on the genus : Eulophia
Basionym : Limodorum cristatum Afzel. ex Sw.
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Limodorum cristatum Afzel. ex Sw. (1805)
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Limodorum articulatum Schumach.
=Eulophia articulata (Schumach.) Lindl. (1833)
=Lissochilus purpuratus Lindl. (1862)
=Lissochilus uliginosus Rolfe (1913)
=Lissochilus heudelotii Rchb. f. (1878)
=Eulophia longibracteata (Lindl.) T. Durand & Schinz
=Galeandra longibracteata Lindl. (1862)
=Eulophia sarticulata Lindl.
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Terrestrial herb 60-150 cm tall, from an underground chain of potato-like tubers 3-9x1,3-4 cm; leafless at anthesis; leaves 4-6, lanceolate, acuminate, 40-70x0,7-3,5 cm, folded; inflorescence ± laxly 10-40-flowered; peduncle with 3-5 sheaths; rachis 13-44 cm long; flowers lilac-pink, lip purple; bracts linear-aristate, 10-30 mm long; pedicel and ovary 15-30 mm long; sepals oblanceolate, 12-23x3-6 mm; petals elliptic(-ovate), 12-20x4-10 mm; lip 13-22x8-16 mm, thin, delicate, 3-lobed in basal 1/3, with callus of 2 raised rounded ridges at base; side lobes erect, recurved; mid-lobe deflexed, elliptic, with 5-9 ridges, edges crisped; spur conical, 3-8 mm long, upcurved; fruit pendent, 30 mm long.
Ecology : Dry (grassy) savanna; grassland often seasonally burnt; savanna patches in dense forest; Commiphora-Albizia bushland; savanna of Daniellia olivieri, Lophira lanceolata, Terminalia; woodland with Combretum collinum, C. molle, Annona senegalensis; savanna of Hyparrhenia, Terminalia glaucescens; Entada-Acacia bushland; usually in sandy soils; occasionally in forest; 700-1850 m alt.
  Sometimes confused with E. livingstoneana (similar in colour). This is perhaps the case with some records from Centr. Afric. Rep.: Cribb & Fay (Key Bull. 42: 729, 1987) note that the latter species reported by Boulvert 1977 may belong to E. cristata.
  A putative hybrid E. cristata x E. cucullata is recorded from Ivory Coast by Perez-Vera (o.c.: 337).
  Also cultivated.

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Boudet G. & J.P. Lebrun (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali. Etudes et Synthèses IEMVT 16
  • Cat. Pl. Vasc. Burkina Faso:65 (2012)
  • Darbyshire, I. Kordofami, M. & al. (2015). The plants of Sudan and South Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing
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see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
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Record n°45975 modified 2007-04-03
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