African Plant Database

Satyrium princeae Kraenzl.
Protologue : Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 33: 56 (1904) 
Information on the genus : Satyrium
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Satyrium unifolium Schltr. (1915)
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Terrestrial slender herb 20-60 cm tall, glabrous; stem leafy with 1 basal leaf that is appressed to ground, heart-shaped, 2,5-11x2-10 cm, fleshy; stem leaves 3-11, lanceolate, 3-6x0,6-1,6 cm; inflorescence cylindrical, 3-18x2-3 cm, 8-20-flowered; flowers spreading, bright pink; bracts purplish, reflexed, lanceolate, 10-35x5 mm; ovary curved, 7-8 mm long; tepals projecting forwards; dorsal sepal oblanceolate, 8-12x c. 1 mm; laterals oblique but similar and slightly wider; petals similar but shorter; lip very convex, hooded, 6-9x6-7 mm, apex reflexed; spurs slender, 11-18 mm long, tapering, parallel to ovary.
Ecology : Grassland, sometimes with Pteridium or swampy such, usually in wetter areas; 1800-2550 m alt.
  Plants from Tanzania are larger than those from southern areas of distribution.
  Tubers probably used as chikanda (Golding in Sabonet News 6/2: 99, 2001; with illustration p. 99). Pollination studied by Johnson & al. (Pl. Syst. Evol. 292: 98, 2011).

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Énum. Pl. Fleurs Afr. Trop. 3: 156 (1995).
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under The International Plant Name Index
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Record n°46266
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