African Plant Database

Satyrium breve Rolfe
Protologue : Fl. Trop. Afr. [Oliver et al.] 7(2): 274 (1898)
Information on the genus : Satyrium
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Satyrium breve var. minor Summerh.
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Terrestrial herb 10-70 cm tall; tubers ± ellipsoid, 1-4x0,5-2,2 cm, woolly; sterile shoot to 19 cm long, 4-leaved, lower leaves sheath-like, upper ones lanceolate, to 31x2 cm; fertile shoot leafy, leaves 5-8, lowermost 1-3 sheath-like, the remainder lanceolate, 6-21x1-4 cm, the uppermost much smaller; inflorescence pyramidal, 2-14x2-5 cm, densely 10-many-flowered; flowers sessile, pink, deep red, mauve or purple, pubescent inside; bracts spreading, lanceolate, 7-35 mm long, reflexed, hairy inside; ovary 6-8 mm long; sepals and petals projecting forwards; dorsal sepal oblong, c. 7-22x1,5-3 mm; laterals shorter but much broader; petals similar to dorsal sepal but narrower; lip very convex, 6-16 mm long, apex narrow and erect, mouth wide; spurs broad, 2-5x2 mm, parallel to ovary.
Ecology : Bogs, swamps, dambos; (marshy) grassland; rarely among bushes; “common in wet months” (Fl. Trop. Afr. 7: 274, 1898); 1000-2300 m alt.
  Very variable in size of plants and flowers.
  Flowering season unusually long. Ethiopia: “no authenticated record”. S. breve sensu De Wildeman & Staner, Contr. Fl. Katanga, Suppl. 5: 18, 1933, non Rolfe = S. amblyosaccos.

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • EXELL, A. & WILD, H. (1995). Flora Zambesiaca: Mozambique, Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, Bechuanaland Protectorate. London Kew 11[1]: 222
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under chg
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under Orchidées d'Afrique Centrale
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
More information >> ( work in progress )
Record n°46354
Feedback about this record