African Plant Database

Satyrium crassicaule Rendle
Protologue : J. Bot. 33: 295 (1895) 
Information on the genus : Satyrium
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Satyrium fischerianum Kraenzl.
=Satyrium goetzenianum Kraenzl. (1898)
=Satyrium kirkii Rolfe (1898)
=Satyrium mystacinum Kraenzl. (1898)
=Satyrium niloticum Rendle (1895)
=Satyrium usambarae Kraenzl. (1904)
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Terrestrial herb 30-120 cm tall, glabrous; rootstock short, thick with roots in a dense tuft; stem erect, leafy; leaves 8-13, lower ones spreading, in a tuft, lanceolate, 8-50x2-8 cm, the upper 3 smaller, sheath-like, appressed to stem; inflorescence cylindrical, 5-40 cm long, 2-3,5 cm Ø, densely 20-120-flowered; flowers pink to mauve, rarely white, spreading; bracts conspicuous, leafy, 10-40 mm long, reflexed; pedicel and ovary curved, c. 10 mm long; sepals and petals projecting forwards; dorsal sepal oblanceolate-elliptic, 4-8x1-3 mm; laterals oblong, slightly larger; petals similar, 4-7x1-2 mm; lip very convex, hooded, 5-8 mm long, mouth broad; spurs slender, 8-13 mm long, parallel to ovary.
Ecology : Damp grassland, with mixed scrub and scattered juniper; marshes in grassland; Ericaceous bush; forest glades in bamboo zone; in swamps among grasses and sedges (Cyperus spp.); Papyrus swamps at edge of lakes; edge of dams; open forest with Myrica on old lava flows; wet meadows along rivers and creeks; wet dambos, bogs; lake margins; old plantations; sometimes in running water; usually in very wet areas; occurs in colonies of hundreds of plants; 1050-3300 m alt.
  Pollination studied by Johnson & al. in Pl. Syst. Evol. 292: 97, 2011 (cf. also Hervouet 2009 cited above).

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • EXELL, A. & WILD, H. (1995). Flora Zambesiaca: Mozambique, Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, Bechuanaland Protectorate. London Kew 11[1]: 206

Bibliography other :
  • KIPKOECH S. & AL. (2020). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Aberdare Ranges Forest, a part of Eastern Afromontane Biodiversity Hotspot PhytoKeys 149: 23 
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see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Orchidées d'Afrique Centrale
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
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Record n°46357
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