African Plant Database

Satyrium coriophoroides A. Rich.
Protologue : Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 2 14: 274 (1840) 
Information on the genus : Satyrium
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Satyrium coriophoroides var. sacculata Rendle
=Satyrium sacculatum (Rendle) Rolfe
=Satyrium gilletii De Wild. (1903)
=Satyrium stolzii Kraenzl. (1912)
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Terrestrial herb 30-120 cm tall, glabrous; tubers ellipsoid, 2,5-6,5x1-2 cm; sterile shoot 5-7 cm tall, 3-6-leaved, the lowermost sheathing, the upper ones lanceolate-ovate, 6-24x1-7 cm; flowering shoot covered with 10-17 appressed lanceolate sheaths 6-11x1,5-4 cm; inflorescence 7-38 cm long, 1,5-2,5 cm Ø, densely 20-50-flowered; flowers (deep) red, pink or white, sessile, curved outwards; bracts lanceolate, 10-35 mm long, spreading, reflexed; ovary 6-8 mm long, thick; sepals and petals rolled up; dorsal sepal oblong, 4-7x1 mm; laterals slightly longer and wider; petals lanceolate, 4-7x < 1 mm; lip spherical, c. 6-8x6-8 mm, fleshy, mouth very narrow; spurs 8-18 mm long, parallel to ovary, sometimes with a pair of vestigial spurs c. 1 mm long in front of them (S. sacculatum).
Ecology : (Short) and burnt grassland; Loudetia grassland; grass with scattered bushes; edge of bush; Brachystegia woodland, open woodland, edge of woodland; often on rocky slopes; swampy badly drained grassland; wet meadows; peat moss; dambo; vlei; Eucalyptus and Pinus plantations; occurring as scattered plants; 1200-3050 m alt.
  S. sacculatum is separated by having spurs 8-11 mm (not 11-18 mm), by having white flowers, and by having a pair of additional spurs, etc. S. coriophoroides sensu Schlechter 1901: 108, p.p., non A. Rich. = S. chlorocorys. Tubers given to children to eat, and eaten by porcupine.

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • EXELL, A. & WILD, H. (1995). Flora Zambesiaca: Mozambique, Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, Bechuanaland Protectorate. London Kew 11[1]: 215
  • DARBYSHIRE, I. KORDOFAMI, M. & AL. (2015). The plants of Sudan and South Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing : 84
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under chg
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Orchidées d'Afrique Centrale
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
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Record n°46358
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