African Plant Database

Satyrium monadenum Schltr.
Protologue : Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 53: 527 (1915) 
Information on the genus : Satyrium
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Terrestrial herb 20-60 cm tall, glabrous; tubers ovoid-globose, 1,5-2x1-2 cm; sterile shoot with 3-4 leaves, the lowest sheath-like, the terminal one lanceolate-acute, 5x1,6 cm; flowering shoot with leaf sheaths spread; sheaths lanceolate, 3-8x1-2,5 cm, stem purplish above; inflorescence cylindrical, 5-15x3 cm, densely 13-many-flowered; flowers curving outwards, vivid carmine-red; bracts reflexed, lanceolate, 10-25 mm long, tinged with red; ovary c. 10 mm long, stout; tepals spreading, projecting forwards; dorsal sepal elliptical, 12-14x2 mm; laterals wider; petals oblanceolate, 12-13x2 mm; lip horizontal, very convex, hooded, 10-12 mm long, 13-17 mm wide, apex short and turned up, mouth wide; spurs slender, 11-15 mm long, parallel to ovary; viscidium single.
Ecology : (Wet) grassland, often with perennial herbs; 1920-2840 m alt. – Sometimes forming large colonies with S. buchananii (with white scented flowers).
  Some specimens cited with the original description, viz. Stolz 2451, 2528, are S. sceptrum (fide Fl. Trop. E. Afr., Orchid. 1: 195-196, 1968). Pollination studied by Johnson & al. (Pl. Syst. Evol. 292: 97, 2011).

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • EXELL, A. & WILD, H. (1995). Flora Zambesiaca: Mozambique, Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, Bechuanaland Protectorate. London Kew 11[1]: 209
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Record n°46364
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