African Plant Database

Oxalis corniculata L.
Protologue : Sp. Pl. 1: 435 (1753)  
Information on the genus : Oxalis
Status for MA : accepted (naturalised)
Status for NA : accepted (present)
Status for SA : accepted (naturalised-introduced)
Status for TA : accepted (indigenous)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Oxalis corniculata L. subsp. corniculata
 Oxalis corniculata L. var. corniculata
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Oxalis procumbens Steud. ex Rich. (1847)
=Oxalis corniculata var. repens (Thunb.) Zucc.
=Oxalis repens Thunb. (1781)
=Oxalis procumbens subsp. bathieana Lourteig (1979)
=Oxalis corniculata var. radicosa (A. Rich.) Roti Mich.
=Oxalis radicosa A. Rich.
=Oxalis corniculata var. glabrocapsula Roti Mich.
=Oxalis corniculata f. villosa (M. Bieb.) Goiran
=*Oxalis villosa M. Bieb. (1808)
=Oxalis corniculata var. villosa (M. Bieb.) Hohen. (1837)
=Oxalis corniculata f. atropurpurea (Planch.) R. Knuth
=Oxalis corniculata var. atropurpurea Planch. (1857)
=Oxalis procumbens Steud. ex A. Rich. (1847)
=Oxalis corniculata f. pubescens Batt. (1888)
=Oxalis simulans Baker (1883)
=Oxalis corniculata var. minor Lange (1878)
Taxon infra-specific
Oxalis corniculata L. subsp. corniculata
Oxalis corniculata L. var. corniculata
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Small annual or perennial much-branched slender herb with straggling or erect, usually much-branched, rooting at the lower.Very widespread and polymorphic species, variable in growth, size, pubescence,…
  see more in the book
Ecology : Weed of disturbed ground, cultivations, often in shady places; upland rain-forest; subalpine grassland and grassland edges, forest clearings or swamp; (0-)300-4200 m alt..
  Often subdivided into many varieties or even species.
South. Afr.
Biol./Eco : annual-Dwarf shrub, Succulent- Ht 0.02 - 0.05 m. Alt: 5 - 2208 m. Distribution: BOT, LES, EC, FS, GA, KN, LP, MP, NC, NW, WC, SWZ
Biol./Eco : Herb; Humid, Subhumid, Dry; Grassland, Inselberg/Rock Face, uncertain; 0-499 m, 500-999 m, 1000-1499 m, 1500-1999 m; distribution: Naturalised in Madagascar.

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Cat. Pl. Vasc. Burkina Faso: (2012)
  • Darbyshire, I. Kordofami, M. & al. (2015). The plants of Sudan and South Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing
  • César J. & C. Chatelain (2019). Flore illustrée du Tchad. Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de Genève, Coopération Suisse & Univ. N'Djaména

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Food plants of Zimbabwe : 49 (1986).

Bibliography for North Africa :
  • Battandier, J.A & L.C. Trabut (1896). Flore de l'Algérie et catalogue des plantes du Maroc. [Monocot. ou vol.2] 2: 81 
  • PITARD, C.-J. & L. PROUST (1908). Les Îles Canaries.
  • Fl. Arch. Madeira : 35 (1914). 
  • Piantae Tripol. : 176 (1914).
  • PAMPANINI, R. (1914). Piantae Tripolitanae.
  • Cat. Pl. Maroc 2: 448 (1932).  
  • Fl. Algérie [Quézel & Santa] 2: 581 (1963).
  • Fl. Eur. 2: 192 (1968).
  • ALI, S. I., S. M. H. JAFRI & A. EL GADI (ed.) (1976). Flora of Libya. 7: 1
  • Fl. Tunisie [Pottier-Alapetite] 1: 443 (1979).
  • VALDES, B., S. TALAVERA & E. FERNANDEZ-GALIANO (ed.) (1987). Flora Vascular de Andalucía Occidental, vol. 2 Ketres 2: 268 
  • Med-Checklist 4: 265 (1989).
  • HANSEN, A. & P. SUNDING (1993). Flora of Macaronesia. Checklist of vascular plants. 4. revised edition Sommerfeltia 17: 1-295
  • Fl. Egypt (Boulos) 1: 375 (1999).
  • VALDÉS, B., REJDALI, M., ACHHAL EL KADMIRI, JURY, J. L. & J. M. MONTSERRAT (2002). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Nord du Maroc, incluant des clés d'identification. I. 1: 435
  • List. Esp. Sylv. Canarias : 114 (2004).
  • FENNANE, M., M. IBN TATTOU, A. OUYAHYA & J. EL OUALIDI (éd.) (2005). Flore Pratique du Maroc [vol.2] Trav. Inst. Sci. Univ. Mohammed V, Sér. Bot. 2: 264
  • LE FLOC’H, E., L. BOULOS & E. VÉLA (2010). Catalogue synonymique commenté de la Flore de Tunisie  
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under chg
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under Fgui
see under Catalogue de Madagascar
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Missouri Botanical Garden
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
see under Herbarium, North Africa MPU
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Record n°58029 modified 2007-04-17
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