African Plant Database

Carissa bispinosa (L.) Desf. ex Merxm.
Protologue : Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. München ii. 399 (1957). (1957)
Notes : [often cited as Brenan 1954, but he dont made the combination]
Information on the genus : Carissa
Basionym : Arduina bispinosa L.
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Carissa bispinosa (L.) Desf. ex Merxm. subsp. bispinosa
 Arduina bispinosa L.
 Jasminonerium bispinosum (L.) Kuntze
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Carissa bispinosa var. acuminata (E. Mey.) Codd
=Arduina acuminata E. Mey.
=Carissa acuminata (E. Mey.) A. DC.
=Carissa bispinosa subsp. zambesiensis Kupicha
=Carissa haematocarpa (Eckl.) A. DC.
=Arduina haematocarpa Eckl.
=Carissa wyliei N.E. Br. (1906)
=Carissa arduina Lam. (1785)
=Carissa arduina Stapf p.p.
=Carissa bispinosa Desf. ex Steud.
=Carissa cordata Dinter (1928)
=Carissa cordata (Mill.) Fourc.
=Lycium cordatum Mill. (1768)
=Carissa dinteri Markgr. (1942)
=Arduina erythrocarpa Eckl.
=Carissa erythrocarpa (Eckl.) A. DC.
=Carissa megaphylla Gand.
=Carissa myrtoides Desf.
=Arduina megaphylla Gand. (1918)
=Arduina ferox E. Mey.
=Carissa ferox (E. Mey.) A. DC. (1844)
Taxon infra-specific
Carissa bispinosa (L.) Desf. ex Merxm. subsp. bispinosa
Ecology and distribution
South. Afr.
Biol./Eco : perennial-Shrub - Ht 0.2 - 5.5 m. Alt: 0 - 2050 m. Distribution: BOT, NAM, EC, GA, KN, LP, MP, NC, NW, WC, SWZ

Bibliography other :
  • Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 8: 502 (1954).

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Exell, A. & Wild, H. (1985). Flora Zambesiaca: Mozambique, Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, Bechuanaland Protectorate. London Kew 7[2]: 404
  • (2002). Flora of Tropical East Africa Apocynaceae[1]: 11-12

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Food plants of Zimbabwe : 92 (1986).
  • Bryns, P.V. (2014). The Apocynaceae of Namibia. Strelitzia :
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under chg
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
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Record n°71649 modified 2015-12-03
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