African Plant Database

Parinari curatellifolia Planch. ex Benth.
Protologue : Niger Fl. 333 (1849) 
Information on the genus : Parinari
Status for MA : accepted (present)
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Ferolia curatellifolia (Planch. ex Benth.) Kuntze
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Parinari chapelieri Baill. (1869)
=Ferolia mobola (Oliv.) Kuntze
=Parinari curatellifolia subsp. mobola (Oliv.) R.A. Graham (1849)
=Parinari mobola Oliv. (1871)
=Parinari gardineri Hemsl. (1916)
=Irvingia mossambicensis Sims (1909)
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Evergreen tree (3-)5-12(-20) m, with dense, rounded, umbrella-shaped crown casting heavy shade; bole to 40 cm Ø, seldom >1 m in girth, with grey-black, rough, deeply and closely rectangularly fissured bark, slash dark red;
  see more in the book
Ecology : In a wide variety of woodland types, often a conspicuous feature in the landscape; on steep rocky hills with Isoberlinia dalzielii; in open woodland dominated by Terminalia laxiflora, Zyzygium guineense, on flat interfluves with impeded drainage; etc...
  Variable in shape and size of leaves, in the colour and nature of the indumentum.
  S. Africa (Transvaal, Natal), Botswana, Namibia; Madagascar; probably naturalized in the Seychelles.
  Distribution gap of 500 km between Mayumbe (Luki) and nearest station in the east. Can tolerate small concentrations of copper in the soil. Resembling hairy forms of Maranthes polyandra (but whose leaves have fewer lateral nerves); leaves (but tomentu
South. Afr.
Biol./Eco : perennial-Tree- Ht 3 - 20 m. Alt: 500 - 1500 m. Distribution: BOT, NAM, LP, MP, SWZ
Biol./Eco : Tree; Humid; Forest, Anthropic; 0-499 m; distribution: Africa.

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Boudet G. & J.P. Lebrun (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali. Etudes et Synthèses IEMVT 16
  • Cat. Pl. Vasc. Burkina Faso:179, 326 (2012)
  • Darbyshire, I. Kordofami, M. & al. (2015). The plants of Sudan and South Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing
  • César J. & C. Chatelain (2019). Flore illustrée du Tchad. Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de Genève, Coopération Suisse & Univ. N'Djaména

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Food plants of Zimbabwe : 115 (1986).
  • Énum. Pl. Fleurs Afr. Trop. 2: 16 (1992).
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Catalogue de Madagascar
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Missouri Botanical Garden
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
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Record n°7805
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