African Plant Database

Parinari excelsa Sabine
Protologue : Trans. Hort. Soc. London 5: 451 (1824)
Information on the genus : Parinari
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Ferolia excelsa (Sabine) Kuntze
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Parinari excelsa subsp. holstii (Engl.) R.A. Graham (1824)
=Parinari holstii Engl. (1895)
=Parinari verdickii De Wild. (1903)
=Parinari whytei Engl. (1899)
=Parinari nalaensis De Wild. (1931)
=Parinari elliottii Engl. (1899)
=Parinari mildbraedii Engl.
=Parinari riparia R.E. Fr. (1913)
=Parinari tenuifolia A. Chev. (1909)
=*Parinari holstii var. longifolia Engl. ex De Wild.
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Large evergreen tree to 45(-50) m but under limiting conditions to 8 m tall with bole 0,4-0,5 m Ø;
  see more in the book
Ecology : Rain-forest but for the wetter parts (non-flooded); coastal forest, swamp forest and in swampy depressions in rice fields together with Pseudospondias microcarpa, Ceiba pentandra (Senegal); dominant in better drained forest (Bas Casamance), etc...
  Variable in shape, size and texture of leaves, in type of indumentum (cf. above), in form of inflorescence, and in size of flowers.
  S. America from Colombia to E Venezuela and EC Brazil (map in G. T. Prance, Flora Neotropica Monogr. 9S: 196, 1989).
  In W Africa, replaced on river banks by Parinari congensis. One of the most widespread and abundant forest trees in Africa, mostly with a scattered distribution, but can be dominant or co-dominant (cf. above). Does not resist fire. Mixed populations

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Cat. Pl. Vasc. Burkina Faso:179 (2012)
  • Darbyshire, I. Kordofami, M. & al. (2015). The plants of Sudan and South Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Bull. Jard. Bot. Natl. Belg. 46: 334 (1976).
  • Énum. Pl. Fleurs Afr. Trop. 2: 16 (1992).
More info on :
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see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
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Record n°7815
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