African Plant Database

Osyris lanceolata Hochst. & Steud.
Protologue : Unio Itin. In sched., W.Schimper s.n (1832)
Information on the genus : Osyris
Status for NA : accepted (present)
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Osyris abyssinica Hochst. ex A. Rich. (1850)
=Osyris quadripartita Salzm. ex Decne. (1836)
=Osyris abyssinica f. latifolia Fiori
=Osyris arborea Wall. ex A. DC.
=Osyris densifolia Peter (1932)
=Osyris laeta Peter (1932)
=Osyris oblanceolata Peter (1932)
=Osyris parvifolia Baker (1913)
=Osyris rigidissima Engl. (1892)
=Osyris tenuifolia Engl. (1895)
=Osyris urundiensis De Wild. (1925)
=Osyris wightiana Wall. ex Wight
=Osyris quadripartita var. canariensis Kämmer (1975)
=Osyris compressa auct. auct., non (Berg.) A. DC.
=Osyris pendula Balf. f.
=Osyris quadrifida Salzm. ex A. DC.
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Shrub or small tree 1,2-9(-14) m tall, all parts glabrous; sometimes with pendent branches; trunk 60-90 cm in girth at base; bark coarsely furrowed, slash bright crimson; leaves alternate; flowers hermaphrodite (in axils of upper leaves) or male[…]
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Ecology : Evergreen bushland or scrub, usually in rocky places, also where the original vegetation has been cleared; forest margins; grassland; rocky thickets with Clutia benguelensis; Brachystegia and Juniperus, Podocarpus, Combretum […]
  Considerable variation in size and shape of leaves.
  (50-)900-2900 m alt. The species has sometimes been included in O. compressa (with opposite leaves and hermaphrodite flowers).
  Europe (S half of Iberian Peninsula, Balearic Isl.); Morocco, Algeria; Tenerife (Canary Isl.); Namibia, S. Africa, Botswana, Swaziland; Socotra, tropical Arabia; Asia from India-Nepal to S China.
South. Afr.
Biol./Eco : biology:perennial-Shrub- Ht 1.5 - 4 m. Alt up to 3000 m. Distribution: BOT, LES, NAM, EC, FS, GA, KN, LP, MP, NC, NW, SWZ

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Darbyshire, I. Kordofami, M. & al. (2015). The plants of Sudan and South Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Checklist Flow. Pl. Sub-Saharan Africa : 606 (2006).

Bibliography for North Africa :
  • Battandier, J.A & L.C. Trabut (1890). Flore de l'Algérie [Dicot] 1(4): 784 
  • Cat. Pl. Maroc 2: 171 (1932). 
  • METRO, A & C. SAUVAGE (1955). Flore des végétaux ligneux de la Mamora. La Nature au Maroc.
  • Bramwell, D. (1969). On Osyris lanceolata Hochst. & Steud. (Santalaceae) in the Canary Islands. Cuad. Bot. Canaria 6: 13-14
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under chg
see under The Euro-Mediterranean Plant Base
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Teline: Biodiversité végétale du sud-ouest marocain
see under Herbarium, North Africa MPU
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Record n°90791
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