Base de données des plantes d'Afrique

Dichapetalum madagascariense Poir.
Protologue : Encycl. (Lamarck) Suppl. 2 470 (1812) 
Informations sur le genre : Dichapetalum
Statut pour MA : accepté, NF (présent)
Statut pour TA : accepté, NF (présent)
Synonyme(s) homotypique(s)
 Dichapetalum madagascariense Poir. var. madagascariense
Synonyme(s) hétérotypique(s)
=*Dichapetalum thouarsianum Roem. & Schult. (1819)
=*Chailletia dichapetalum DC. (1825)
=Chailletia fasciculata Spreng. (1825)
=Dichapetalum brownii Baill. (1892)
=Chailletia dichapetalum f. multiflora Tul. (1857)
=Dichapetalum multiflorum (Tul.) Desc. (1962)
=Dichapetalum thouarsianum var. pubescens Desc. (1960)
=Rhamnus paniculatus Thonn. ex Schumach.
=Dichapetalum beniense Engl. (1912)
=Dichapetalum madagascariense var. beniense (Engl.) Breteler (1973)
=Dichapetalum flabellatiflorum Hauman (1955)
=Ceanothus guineensis DC.
=Dichapetalum guineense (DC.) Keay (1955)
=Dichapetalum ombrophilum K. Krause (1912)
=Dichapetalum paniculatum Thonn. ex Schumach. (1919)
=Dichapetalum pynaertii De Wild.
=Dichapetalum rowlandii Hutch. & Dalziel (1928)
=Chailletia subcordata Hook. f. ex Benth. (1849)
=Dichapetalum subcordatum (Hook. f. ex Benth.) Engl. (1896)
=Chailletia thomsonii Oliv. (1868)
=Dichapetalum thomsonii (Oliv.) Engl. (1896)
=Dichapetalum thouarsianum var. macrophyllum (Tul.) Desc.
=Chailletia dichapetalum f. macrophylla Tul. (1825)
=Dichapetalum ubangiense De Wild. (1919)
=Chailletia dichapetalum var. pubescens Desc. (1825)
=Dichapetalum abrupti-acuminatum De Wild. (1919)
=Dichapetalum batanganum Engl. & Ruhland (1904)
=Dichapetalum brevitubulosum Engl. (1912)
=Dichapetalum cicinnatum Engl. (1912)
=Dichapetalum flavovirens Engl. (1912)
=Dichapetalum dodoense Engl. (1912)
=Dichapetalum subcoriaceum Engl. (1912)
=Dichapetalum bakerianum Exell (1927)
=Dichapetalum dundusanense De Wild. (1919)
=Dichapetalum chrysobalanoides Hutch. & Dalziel (1928)
=Dichapetalum fulvialabastrum De Wild. (1919)
=Dichapetalum flaviflorum Engl.
=Dichapetalum gossweileri Engl. (1912)
=Dichapetalum buvumense Baker f. (1905)
=Dichapetalum glandulosum De Wild. (1919)
Taxons infra-spécifiques
Dichapetalum madagascariense var. brevistylum Breteler (1981)
Dichapetalum madagascariense Poir. var. madagascariense
Ecologie et distribution
Afr. Trop.
Biologie : Medium-sized liane, scandent shrub, shrub, or small tree to 10 m tall; main trunk to 30 cm Ø and 1,7 m in girth; woodcylinder entire to shallowly (or rarely deeply) lobed; bark pale grey to blackish, rather smooth, distinctly lenticellate or not;
Ecologie : The ecology covers a wide range of habitats; rain-forest, riverine forest and associated bushland; deciduous woodland; savanna; 0-1700 m alt. (var. madagascariense); upland evergreen, moist forest; 1500-2400 m alt. (var. brevistylum Breteler).
  Extremely variable in habit (the most variable species in the genus) and in inflorescences.
  Bioko/Fernando Poo; Comores; Madagascar.
  Comprises 2 vars. "A division .. into .. 5-10 varieties could easily be framed and would accomodate 50-60 % of the available material, but the remainder would not fit in" (Breteler in Meded. Landbouwhogeschool Wageningen 81-10: 12, 1981).
  Cultivated with success in greenhouses at Wageningen (Netherlands).
  Pulp of fruit and seeds edible, fide H. M. Burkill, Useful Pl. W. Trop. Afr. 1: 647-648, 1985.
Biol./Eco : Shrub, Tree, Liana; Humid, Subhumid, Dry; Forest, Anthropic; 0-499 m, 500-999 m; distribution: Comoros, Africa,
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