Base de données des plantes d'Afrique


Eulophia hereroensis Schltr.
Famille : ORCHIDACEAE
Protologue : Bull. Herb. Boissier 4: 417 (1896) 
Informations sur le genre : Eulophia
 
 
Statut
Statut pour SA : accepté (présent)
Statut pour TA : accepté (présent)
 
Synonyme(s) hétérotypique(s)
=Eulophia pillansii Bolus (1911)
=Eulophia junodiana Kraenzl. (1897)
=Eulophia undulata Rolfe (1905)
 
Ecologie et distribution
Afr. Trop.
Biologie : Terrestrial herb 25-55 cm tall, with subterranean to partly aerial moniliformous rhizome of corms/pseudobulbs ± compressed irregular globose; leaves thinly textured, fascicled, produced after anthesis, linear, to 45x2 cm, with small purple spots; inflorescence laxly 7-25-flowered, bracts lanceolate, 5-6 mm long; flowers yellowish green, sometimes tinged purple; pedicel and ovary 16-17 mm long; sepals oblong-oblanceolate, 13-16x2-5 mm; petals similar, 12-13x3,5-5 mm, spreading; lip 12-15x7,5-11 mm, 3-lobed in apical 1/3; mid-lobe oblong, apiculate, c. 5x3-5 mm; side lobes c. 8 mm long, erect, partly joined to column foot; with crests formed of thin lamellae on main veins of lip; spur blunt, 3-5 mm long.
Ecologie : Among granite boulders or rocky outcrops on slopes under Brachystegia spiciformis; in sandy soil over granite rocks; dry bushveld, in shade of bush clumps; on Kalahari sand on a lime horizon, brack desert soils, black clay, ferruginous lateritic soils, podsols; arid thorn savanna; very localized, growing in small colonies; 1075-1700 m alt.
  Resembling some forms of E. hians.
  Namibia, Botswana, S. Africa.
  Collected for food and horticulture; cultivated.
Afr. Austr.
Biol./Eco : perennial-Herb, Geophyte, Succulent- Ht 0.25 - 0.55 m. Alt: 715 - 1210 m. Distribution: BOT, NAM, EC, FS, GA, LP, NC, NW

Bibliographie pour l'Afrique Tropicale :
  • Exell, A. & Wild, H. (1998). Flora Zambesiaca: Mozambique, Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, Bechuanaland Protectorate. London Kew 11[2]: 471

Bibliographie pour l'Afrique Australe :
  • Fl. Pl. Africa 38: t.1518 (1967).
  • List South. African Succ. Pl. : 130 (1997).
  • Orchids of Southern Africa : 381-382 (1999).
 
Plus d'info sur :
voir d'autres informations sous Jstor_African Plant Initiative
voir d'autres informations sous The International Plant Name Index
voir d'autres informations sous African Plants - a Photo Guide
voir d'autres informations sous Flora of Zimbabwe
 
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